« What does the Hooker Lab do? | Main | The earliest central nervous system identified in a 520-million-year-old fossil »
Tuesday
Aug252015

Evolving research practices for our closest relative

Biomedical scientists use animals to discover fundamental biological mechanisms as well as to identify new avenues for treating illness and improving human health. As our closest relatives in the animal kingdom, chimpanzee’s genetic proximity and consequent biological and behavioral characteristics make them a uniquely valuable species for certain types of research, including neuroscience and immunology. However, this very sameness to ourselves makes ethical issues surrounding their use in invasive research even more apparent than with more distantly-related species.

As of 2013, the US was the only major country to fund invasive research on chimps, with use occurring very selectively and in limited numbers. Following a watershed report by the Institute of Medicine which found that most chimp research could be replaced by other animal models or in vitro studies, the NIH deemed that greatly reducing the number of animals available for invasive research was scientifically sound.[1] With this decision, 310 chimps were retired to live in sanctuaries while a colony of 50 chimps remained available for research if ethical requirements were met. Use of chimps in biomedical research has since dropped drastically.

The summer of 2015 has seen this progression to its end. In June, the US Fish and Wildlife Service announced that all captive chimps, including those used for invasive biomedical research, are now categorized as an endangered species, the same status wild chimps have held since 1990.[2] Under the new legal protections, invasive research may only be conducted to benefit chimps in the wild and to aid in the survival of the species. As reported in Science last week, no research labs in the US have applied for a permit to conduct such research.[3] With the September 14th deadline to stop ongoing projects looming large, the lack of permit applications indicates that invasive chimp research in the US has run its course.  Chimps are still available for non-invasive behavioral research, although the NIH is not currently funding any such studies. 

-ELR

[1] http://blogs.nature.com/news/2013/06/nih-retires-most-research-chimpanzees.html

[2] http://www.nature.com/news/us-government-gives-research-chimps-endangered-species-protection-1.17755

[3] https://www.sciencemag.org/content/349/6250/777.summary

References (5)

References allow you to track sources for this article, as well as articles that were written in response to this article.
  • Response
    Response: Diwali Greetings
    Diwali Greeting Cards
  • Response
    A lot to like in Colts' domination Green (toe) out of cheap Nets Brook Lopez jerseys the lineup. Wholesale Discount Authentic NFL Alternate Jerseys But the play of Vontae Davis neutralized Sanu, who managed to catch just three passes for 54 yards. His longest reception,cheap Nets Brook Lopez ...
  • Response
    " Well, guess what? I've got two joint replacements Medical t wizards jerseys sale erminology or call ctr exp a plus Do Both of those receptions came the Dolphins have a quarterback? Are the Texans injured, or healthy? I have no idea Smith was arrested Wednesday on a ...
  • Response
    proessaywriting.com
  • Response
    http://www.write-an-essay.org/

Reader Comments (3)

Gud post !!

April 16, 2016 | Unregistered CommenterGoku

Under the new genuine certifications, meddling investigation may simply be directed to point of interest chimps in the wild and to help in the survival of the species. As reported in Science a week prior.

April 16, 2016 | Unregistered CommenterPurchasemyessay

Amazing weblog and your post is really helpful for me because in coming days i am going to start my home business and you tips are really helpful for me!Thank u for such wonderful sharing

PostPost a New Comment

Enter your information below to add a new comment.

My response is on my own website »
Author Email (optional):
Author URL (optional):
Post:
 
Some HTML allowed: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <code> <em> <i> <strike> <strong>